“Their hearts have believed ..”

In this beautiful verse from soorat al-A’raaf, Allaah (‘azza wa jall) reminds us the importance of belief and action in performing good deeds and of the destination of the righteous believers. He says:

وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَا نُكَلِّفُ نَفْسًا إِلَّا وُسْعَهَا أُولَٰئِكَ أَصْحَابُ الْجَنَّةِ ۖ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ

But those who believed (in the Oneness of Allâh – Islâmic Monotheism), and worked righteousness – We tax not any person beyond his scope,— such are the dwellers of Paradise. They will abide therein. [verse: 42]

Ibn Kathir mentions that after Allaah discusses the condition of the disbelievers, the miserable ones, in the afterlife. He then mentions the condition of the believers, the happy ones. Allaah begins the verse by saying:

وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ
But those who believed, and worked righteousness

Hence, Ibn Kathir explains: Their hearts have believed and they performed good deeds with their limbs and senses, as compared to those who disbelieved in the Ayat of Allaah and were arrogant with them. [Tafsir Ibn Kathir; Surah 7. Al-A’raaf (43-44) (Part 8)]

This is where the real deal is. When Allaah says that not only do the believers just believe in their hearts in the words of Almighty God, but when they perform good deeds with their limbs and senses to adhere to His injunctions. The believers truly follow their belief by showing how they hear and obey to the message of al-Islaam. With their limbs and senses, they prove the belief they have in their hearts.

As human beings, when we learn how to trust someone, how does this come about? The person you’d like to learn to trust can easily tell you that you should just trust them, correct? But does this mean that they have gained your trust already? It is only when you consistently see the actions of a person and learn from their behavior with yourself and others that you can decide on who they truly are. If the individual continues to prove to you their trust by being a practicing Muslim who stays away from every kind of ill speech and by taking the right steps to stop others from carrying out the evil practices – then know that this person not only followed the belief of the impermissibility of the issues of ill speech and actions in their heart, but through their actions. So it is through their actions [which they perform with their limbs and senses] that you learn to trust them.

Allaah has made it clear that this religion is a religion where a person with a sincere heart and belief that acts upon good deeds has worked for righteousness. By His Blessed words, Allaah continues to remind us firstly that it is not merely belief that will gain the believer reward, but also action! Allaah continued the verse of the reward of paradise that awaits those that not only believe, but those who work for righteousness by saying:

وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ
and worked righteousness

So we work for righteous by performing good deeds with our limbs and senses.

In regards to the issue of denouncing evil actions in this religion, we learn how action plays an important role. Our beloved Prophet [sallaallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam] said: “Whoever among you sees an evil action, let him change it with his hand (by taking action); and if he cannot do that, then with his tongue (by speaking out); and if he cannot do that, then with his heart (by believing that it is wrong and hating it) – and that is the weakest of faith.” (Narrated by Muslim in his Saheeh from the hadeeth of Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (may Allaah be pleased with him).

This advice from the Final Messenger, a Mercy sent to all of Mankind, begins with stopping evil by taking action firstly and if that is not possible, by speech and if that is not possible, then by belief in disliking the evil deed and this is seen to be the weakest form of faith. Thus, from his advice, we can learn many things and one of these things is the importance of the action from limbs and senses when denouncing evil.


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